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SCIENTIFIC NAME: Struthio Camelus Australis

FAMILY: Birds – Ratites

AVERAGE LIFE: 60 – 70 years

WEIGHT: 90-110kg

HEIGHT: 2 - 2,75m

SPEED: 60 - 70km/h

REPRODUCTIVE CAPACITY: 10 - 100 eggs per year

REPRODUCTIVE MATURITY: 3 years old for female

and 4 years old for male



The ostrich is the biggest and heaviest living bird on earth. The male can reach 2.75m in height and its weight varies between 90 and 110kg. Among the flightless bird, the ostrich is the one that has best developed the speed, as it has the long legs and strong feet equipped with just two fingers. The sexes are distinguishable by plumage, the male has black feathers on the body and white ones on the wings and tail, while the female has a brown plumage with whitish shades. The long and thin neck, covered with a light fuzz, holds a relatively small head. The beak is short, flattened and it has a considerable opening since the particular structure of the mandible. The eyes are prominent, sheltered by large eyelids fringed by long lashes. This animal lives in small groups in the steppe zones of Africa and Arabia.



The most common image that comes to mind speaking about ostriches is an animal that hides its head in the sand. This legend is to be dispelled, because only comes from the fact that they are found, given the large size is quite difficult to hide. In order not to attract attention from predators, the bird looks down on the ground and stretches his neck on the ground, trying to imitate a bush or a fat rock. This position is reminiscent of the one who observes, that the ostrich burying its head and neck in sand. When it fails to blend with nature and the predator approaches, the only way out is escape, with strides that reach 6-7 m with sudden changes of direction. Another weapon of defense is powerful kicks forward, it also has a very acute view (3 km), allowing it to spot the predator before being seen.